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Program on Gender Analysis in Economics (PGAE)

PGAE is a graduate research and teaching program emphasizing on theoretical and empirical economics training in gender analysis. Projects investigate the role of gender in social reproduction, labor markets, finance, and development — centered on the well-being of women and other under-represented groups. PGAE is a leader in producing policy analysts and scholars promoting the greater empowerment of women worldwide.

PGAE's international community supports:

  • Graduate degrees built around a core of shared course and including both MA and PhD in Economics with gender tracks and a Graduate Certificate on Gender Analysis in Economics.
  • Projects and partnerships, including the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation-funded Care Work and the Economy venture and international affiliations with the University of Peradeniya in Sri Lanka, among other universities in Asia and Latin America to develop curricula for teaching gender analysis in economics in a developing country context.
  • Local and international events, including our Gender Seminar Series every semester, the Pathways to Gender Equality Conference on November 2018, and the Nordic Perspective of Women's Economic Empowerment Event on March 2019 .
Five women on discussion panel.

News & Events

  • Current AU PhD students are invited to apply for Institute for Women's Policy Research Fellowship for 2021-2022. The deadline for applications for the 2021-2022 academic year is March 29, 2021.
  • Eligibility & Qualifications

    Applicants should have knowledge of women’s issues in the U.S, strong quantitative and research skills, and expertise with Stata, R, or other relevant statistical package

  • Application procedure
    To apply, candidates should send a letter detailing their interest in gender policy issues and experience with research in this area, along with a CV and recent writing sample to docfellows@iwpr.org. All materials should be in one pdf file named AUFellow_20YY_LASTNAME.pdf.

Graduate Programs

AU's Program on Gender Analysis in Economics (PGAE) differs from related graduate programs with its gender-focused yet economics-based program:

  • The program takes a global perspective by collaborating with Visiting Scholars and incorporating relevant literature on Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Post-socialist world and OECD countries.
  • Our location in Washington, DC, provides unique opportunities for internships and part-time work leading to full-time employment and careers with public and private institutions in the Washington area and beyond.

Degrees Offered

Students in either the MA or PhD program can do a track in Gender Analysis. Students who already have at least an MA in Economics can apply to do a Certificate in Gender Analysis in Economics. Students in each of these three options study together in two common core courses: Gender Economics I (previously listed as ECON-674 Gender Perspectives on Economic Analysis: Microeconomics) and Gender Economics II (previously listed as ECON-675 Gender Perspectives on Economic Analysis: Macroeconomics).

Additionally, PhD students in the PGAE program have the opportunity to serve as Research Assistants on PGAE projects including the Care Economy and Gender-Sensitive Macroeconomic Modeling for Policy Analysis Project, which consists of more than 30 researchers from around the world.

Visiting Scholars at the 2019 IAFFE Conference

Visiting Scholars Shobana Rajendran, Samanmala Dorabawila, Otgo Banzragch and PGAE Graduate Students Catherine Hensly and Hannah Randolph at the 2019 IAFFE Conference

Projects & Research

Gender Working Group

The PGAE is led by co-directors Dr. Maria Floro and Dr. Natalia Radchenko, guided by the Gender Work Group (GWG), comprising department faculty, resident scholars, and graduate students. GWG members have strong relations with a variety of relevant organizations, including the International Association for Feminist Economics (IAFFE), the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), the Washington Center for Equitable Growth, the School of International Service (SIS) at AU, Vital Voices, the Census Bureau, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Merck KGaA and other American University entities with a focus on women, including the AU Women in Politics Center and the Washington College of Law.

Care Work and the Economy project

The Care Work and the Economy project, funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and the Open Society Foundations, works to better understand, capture, and model women and men's contributions to care provisioning (for children, the sick and disabled, and the elderly) in order to promote gender-aware economic and social policies that foster inclusive growth and gender equality. 

Partnerships to Develop Gender Analysis in Economics Curricula and Programs

With generous support from the Open Society Foundation, the PGAE has partnered with faculty from University of Peradeniya in Sri Lanka and a number of other universities in Asia and Latin America to develop curricula for teaching gender analysis in economics in a developing country context. With our partner institutions, we are working to ensure a supply of well-trained analysts to assist policy makers and advocacy groups in promoting gender equity worldwide.

Pathways to Gender Equality Conference

The Pathways to Gender Equality Conference illuminated how academics, policy makers, and advocacy groups can use tools of gender analysis to understand today’s major social and economic challenges.

Eschelbach Hansen, Mary, Michael E. Martell, and Leanne Roncolato (2019). "A labor of love: The impact of same-sex marriage on labor supply." Review of Economics of the Household 1-19. doi.org/10.1007/s11150-019-09454-1

Floro, Maria, Mahmud Yesuf, and Trufat Woldesenbet. (2019)."Gender and Perception of Climate Change in Ethiopia." The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses 11 (2): 21-39. doi:10.18848/1835-7156/CGP/v11i02/21-39.

Meurs, Mieke and Rita Ismaylov (2019). Improving Assessments of Gender Bargaining Power: A Case Study from Bangladesh, Feminist Economics 25(1).

Mary Eschelbach Hansen (with Erin E. George and Julie Lyn Routzahn), "Debt Tolerance, Gender, and the Great Recession," Journal of Consumer Affairs, 2018.

Floro, M. S., Bruyere, C., Fengdan, S., Xuhua, P. (2016). Bargaining Power and the Household Division of Labor by Gender: Evidence from the China Time Use Survey. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 31(1), 63-86.

Natalia Radchenko (with Pierre-Andre Chiappori and Bernard Salanie), "Divorce and the duality of marital payoff," Review of Economics of the Household.

Floro, M. S., Willoughby, J. A. (2016). Feminist Economics and The Global Economy: The Challenges that Awaits Us. The Fletcher Forum for World Affairs, 40(2), 5-17.

Mary Eschelbach Hansen (with Michelle McKinnon Miller), "A New View of Women in Bankruptcy: Evidence from Maryland Since 1940," American Bankruptcy Institute Journal 34, November 2016.

Floro, M. S., Terbish, M. (2016). How does the Presence of Infrastructure (or lack thereof) Affect Time Use in Mongolia? Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 30(1), 43-62.

Floro, M. S., Yokying, P., Sangaroon, B., Tassanee Sushevagul, T. (2016). Understanding Work-Life Balance Situation of Women and Men in Thailand: Through the Lens of Time-Use Data. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 31(1), 87-107.

Faculty

  • Professor Maria Floro teaches gender analysis in economics (micro) and development microeconomics. Her publications include Informal Credit Markets and the New Institutional EconomicsWomen's Work in the World Economy, and Gender, Development, and Globalization: Economics as if All People Mattered and articles on gender and work intensity, time use, care work, environmental degradation, vulnerability, and informal employment, urban food security, poverty, household savings, credit and debt service burden. Professor Floro  currently leads the Care Work and the Economy Project (www.careworkeconomy.org).
  • Professor Mary Hansen is an expert in U.S. social policy. She is widely published in the fields of child policy, bankruptcy, and economic history. Her work addresses key issues in race, gender, and economic inequality. Her research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and the Institute for New Economic Thinking. She has been quoted or cited by news outlets including WAMU, The Economist, Fortune, CNN, and the LA Times. She has given public testimony before the DC City Council and in Federal District Court.
  • Assistant Professor Kelly Jones is an applied microeconomist and her work focuses on evaluating the impacts of various policies and interventions on gender equality and welfare. Her recent work includes experimental analyses of women’s risk coping strategies in the face of financial shocks, and the implications for women’s sexual and reproductive health in Sub-Saharan Africa. She has also analyzed the impact of US foreign policy on women’s fertility outcomes internationally. In mid-2018, she launched a new line of research exploring the economic implications of access to reproductive health services in the United States. Other ongoing work includes field experiments in Uganda and Ghana on the role of gender dynamics in intra-household allocation of resources and productive activities. In particular, she is exploring women’s contributions to and empowerment within small-scale commercial agriculture.
  • Professor and Associate Dean of Graduate Studies Mieke Meurs has recently taught Heterodox Microeconomics, Political Economy, and a Complex Problems course called What's It Worth? Her research and publications are mainly in the area of feminist economics, care work, and gender bargaining power.
  • Assistant Professor Natalia Radchenko is an applied econometrician. Her work includes development of new concepts of intrahousehold inequality and empirical methodologies to better measure inequality, as well as analysis of labor market outcomes in developing countries.
  • Associate Professor Mahmud Yesuf’s research interests include poverty, environment and development issues in low income countries, with a special focus on households’ behavioral issues (such as risk aversion). He has an international teaching and research experience working on various projects with the World Bank and International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in Africa. He has taught classes in principles of Microeconomics, Environmental Economics, Survey of African Economies, and Applied Econometrics.
  • Professor John Willoughby’s fields of interest include economic history and the economics of the Middle East. Recent publications focus on higher education in the Gulf states.

Visiting Scholars

Dr. Boakye-Yiadom is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Economics, University of Ghana. He has a PhD in Economics from the University of Bath, UK. Professor Boakye-Yiadom’s areas of research include the microeconomic analysis of migration, remittances, and poverty/wellbeing; gender dimension of asset ownership. Coming to AU as a PGAE Visiting Scholar, he will research the gender dimension of child fostering, especially in Ghana and other West African countries.

Dr. Dias Kuhn is a Professor at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil and a coordinator of research projects in South Economies and interculturality at UFRGS. She has a PhD and Masters Degree from UFRGS. Daniela’s research interests include Rural Development, Agrarian issues in Brazil and Latin America, Solidarity Economy, Elements of the
Environmental Issue. Coming to AU as a PGAE Vising Scholar, she will develop her research on Rural Women in Latin America: social reproduction and ways of life.

Dr. Afful-Mensah is a Lecturer at University of Ghana. She has a PhD in Economics from Lombardy Advanced School of Economic Research (Universities of Milan, Brescia and Pavia), Milan, Italy. Her research interests include Economics of Maternal and Child Healthcare Utilization, Economics of Development (Aid, Poverty, Health outcomes) and Inequality in Health. Coming to AU as a PAGE Visiting Fellow, she will research household shocks in Ghana – understanding the gender differences in the choice of mitigating strategies and economic implications.

Ms. Pereira Vieceli is a PhD Student at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) and a research technician from the Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies. She focuses her research on the labor market, economic development, Brazilian economy, feminism, and relations of gender and race. Coming to AU as a PGAE Visiting Fellow, Ms. Pereira Vieceli will research unpaid domestic work in Brazil, and the relationship between the poverty of income and time, in gender and racial perspective.

Nataly Rendon Gonzalez is a Professor in EIA University, Columbia. She has a PhD and Masters in Economics from EAFIT University, Medellin, Colombia. Her research focuses on crime economics and gender, international trade, economic growth, monetary policy. Funded by EIA and EAFIT Universities, Dr. Rendon will join AU Department of Economics as a Visiting Scholar and research determinants of women's criminality in Medellín.

Lekha S. Chakraborty is a Professor at the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP), an autonomous research institute of the Ministry of Finance of India; and an affiliated Research Associate with the Levy Economics Institute of Bard College, New York. She was the pioneer economist who worked with the Chief Economic Advisor for institutionalising Gender Budgeting in India.She is the author of Fiscal Consolidation, Budget deficits and Macroeceonomy (Sage, 2016) and a co-author of Social Sector in Decentralised Economy: India in the Era of Globalisation (Cambridge University Press, 2016). Previously, Lekha has worked for the World Bank, the IMF, UN Women, and the Commonwealth Secretariat. She has taught as a Visiting Professor at Carleton University (Canada), Uppsala University (Sweden) and University of Utah.

 

As a PGAE Visiting Scholar, Lekha is advancing her empirical research investigating the integration of gender perspectives into fiscal and public policy making and was a featured speaker of the Spring 2019 Gender Seminar Series in AU. 

Lorelei C. Mendoza is a Professor of Economics at the University of the Philippines Baguio (UPB). She was a PGAE visiting scholar under the Fulbright Senior Scholars’ Program in the spring semester 2019. While at American University, she conducted her research on "Gender Norms and Schooling Outcomes among the Highlanders of the Cordillera Region in the Philippines during the American Colonial Period, 1904-1945” using archival materials and  documents at the National Archives in College Park, Maryland. Before coming to American University,  Professor Mendoza served as Dean of the College of Social Sciences and Director of the Cordillera Studies Center at UP Baguio. Her areas of research include gender and household economics and natural resource management.

 

Otgontugs Banzragch (Otgo) is the Dean of Graduate School and Professor of Economics at the National University of Mongolia in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. She has a Ph.D. in Education and Economics from Colombia University and a Master’s Degree in Economics from the University of Manchester. Her research focuses on development economics, education inequality, and rural development. She is a member of the Monetary Policy Board of the Central Bank of Mongolia; and a member of the Research Council for Social Science with the Ministry of Education and Science in Mongolia. Previously, she collaborated with the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) on the project Mobilizing Revenues from Extractive Industries: Protecting and Promoting Children’s Rights and Well-Being in Resource-Rich Countries, as part of the research team for Mongolia.

As a Visiting Scholar, Otgo developed the curriculum for a course Gender Analysis in Economics, to be offered as part of the masters program for Economics at the National University of Mongolia. She also began a project that aims to translate a textbook on the importance of gender analysis in economics into Mongolian language. Currently, Otgo is working on a joint research project with Professor Mieke Meurs and Amarjargal Amartuvshin (PGAE Visiting Scholar 2013) on bargaining in herding households.

 

Samanmala Dorabawila is a Senior Lecturer in Economics at the University of Peradeniya in Sri Lanka. She has a Ph.D. in Economics from Clark University. Her research includes analyses of Sri Lankan’s labor market, care work, health economics, and development economics.

As a PGAE Visiting Scholar, Samanmala worked to develop curricula course on Gender Analysis in Macroeconomics and Gender Analysis in Microeconomics to be offered for students enrolled in Masters in Economics (MA)/M.Phil in Economics/Masters in Applied Economics and Masters in Development Practice, through the Post Graduate Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences (PGIHS) at the University of Peradeniya.

Yady Marcela Barrero Amórtegui has a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of La Universidad de los Andes in Bogotá, Colombia; and a Master’s Degree in Economics from the University of Antioquia in Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia. She has authored multiple research papers analyzing Colombia’s agricultural structures, including her doctoral research focusing on gender analysis and the sustainable use of natural resources.

As a PGAE Visiting Scholar, Yady developed a course curriculum on Gender Roles in the Economy, to be presented to the Department of Economics at the University of Antioquia in Medellín, where she will be joining as a Professor of Economics.

Nata Duvvury is Senior Lecturer and Co-Director at the Center for Global Women’s Studies and Leader of Gender and Public Policy Cluster in the Whitaker Institute at National University of Ireland, Galway. Dr. Nata Duvvury is an international development expert with more than 25 years of experience in gender, development and empowerment. Her work includes research and advocacy on gender based violence, women’s property rights and HIV and AIDS in a variety of settings including conflict and post-conflict contexts.  

Nata Duvvury visited as a PGAE Fulbright Scholar in 2014 to work on empirical measures of violence against women. Currently, Nata Duvvury is Principal Investigator of a 3-year project examining the economic and social costs of Violence against women and girls (VAWG) that involves surveys and interviews in Sudan, Pakistan and Ghana. Also serving on the Technical Advisory Group of the project is PGAE founding co-director Maria Floro.

Margarita Khegai is a Professor of Economics at the Tajikistan Russian-Tajik Slavic University.

Maigul was a PGAE Visiting Scholar from the Tajikistan Russian-Tajik Slavic University from 2011 – 2012, supported by the Core Fulbright Visiting Scholar Program. As a Visiting Scholar, Margarita investigated gender issues in Tajikistan’s labor market focusing on state policies, legal framework, civil society and traditions.

 

Dileni Gunewardena is Professor of Economics at the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka and has a Ph.D. in economics is from American University. Her research includes empirical analyses of poverty, child nutrition, and gender and ethnic wage inequality. She is the author of a book on Poverty Measurement, several chapters in books, and numerous journal articles. She contributed to Sri Lanka’s first poverty assessment as a consultant with the World Bank’s Development Economics Research Group in the 1990s and has taught in the World Bank Institute’s South Asia Region Workshops.

As a PGAE Visiting Scholar, Dileni produced a research paper, along with co-authors Elizabeth King (The Brookings Institution) and Alexandra Valerio (World Bank), on the gender differences in labor market returns to schooling and skills in middle income countries. Currently, she is also leading the efforts in establishing a Gender Analysis in Economics program at the Post Graduate Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences (PGIHS) of the University of Peradeniya.

 

Ana María Tribín-Uribe is a Researcher at the Central Bank of Colombia – Banco de la Republica. She has a Ph.D. in Economics from Brown University and a Master’s Degree in Economics from Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Colombia). Her research focuses on gender economics, development economics, development, political economy, labor economics and behavioral economics. She is the author of several studies related to gender and economics, including her research examining the impact of Colombia’s maternity leave policy on female labor force participation.

As a PGAE Visiting Scholar, Ana María advanced her historical book project on women in Colombia and continues to work with Professors Maria Floro and Mieke Meurs in undertaking a project that aims to develop priority areas for lawmakers in developing public policies. Recently, Ana María was appointed the President’s High Commissioner for Women’s Equality in Colombia.

Amartuvshin Amarjargal is a Professor at the University of the Humanities. She received her PhD in Economics from Kobe University and conducted part of her postdoctoral research as a PGAE Visiting Scholar, supported by the Open Society Institute Global Development Scholar Program.

Amartuvshin returned as a PGAE Visiting Scholar in the Summer of 2016, after which she published an article—along with Otgontugs Banzragch and Mieke Meurs—examining the extent and type of herders' engagement with markets for livestock and livestock products, and factors associated with higher earnings from livestock.

Maigul Nugmanova is a Lecturer of Economics at the Kazakh National Agrarian University and the Head of International Office - Kazakh Ablai Khan University of International Relations and World Languages

Maigul Nugmanova was a PGAE Visiting Scholar from the Kazakhstan National Agrarian University from 2012 – 2013, supported by the Core Fulbright Visiting Scholar Program. Her work focused on the interactions between gender equality and human-centered sustainable development in Kazakhstan. Following her visit, Professor Maria Floro visited the Kazakh National Agrarian University as a visiting Professor during the summer of 2013.

Marit Widman, currently at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, completed her dissertation on gender and land rights as a visiting PhD student with the Program on Gender Analysis in Economics (PGAE). She received her PhD in Economics from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in 2015.

Fred and Barbara Bergmann Fund

The Fred and Barbara Bergmann award is given to a promising graduate student to support gender research in economics. To donate to the fund, please follow the following instructions:

  • Visit our donation webpage
  • Choose your donation type and amount
  • Click "Funds I Choose"
  • Scroll down to "Support a Fund Not Listed" , check the box
    and write in “Barbara Bergmann Graduate Fellowship for Gender Economics Fund”.

Donations can be also sent to  Dr. Mieke Meurs at mmeurs@american.edu.